The history of handloom or hand woven fabric dates back to the epic ages. Handloom weaving is a creative and innovative act that is essential to the evolution of cloth. Hand woven fabric is the product of tradition and the inspiration of the cultural ethos of the weavers.From the times immemorial, various styles, patterns, fabrics and designs of handloom have been prevalent in every region of the world. Different weaving areas have their own specialized type of weaving and it has evolved since generations. But at the end of it the beauty and feel that a hand woven fabric brings is amazing. The unevenness and variations in these fabrics adds to its authenticity and identifies it as being indeed Hand Woven and not to be found anywhere else.
Chanderi fabric has been hand woven since many centuries in the place called Chanderi in Madhya Pradesh, India and is known by its place of origin. Chanderi fabric is available in silk, cotton and silk-cotton blend. This fabric is famous for its sheer texture, light weight and glossy transparency. The transparency in Chanderi fabric is because of the single filature yarn used. Most Chanderis have a rich gold border and gold motifs or butis all over. Two unique methods are used to embellish Chanderi weaves- Minakari (inlay in motifs) and AddedarPatela (jeweled cutwork). Hamsa (swans), Asharfi (gold coins), trees, fruits, flowers and heavenly bodies are used as motifs in Chanderi.
Maheshwari fabric originated in Maheshwar in Madhya Pradesh, India during the rule of Ahilyabai Holkar who designed the first Maheshwarisaree to present to the Peshwa kings.Maheshwari fabric is made either in pure cotton or cotton-silk blend.Unlike the Chanderi weave, Maheshwari fabrics are characterized by geometrical motifs. The most common are Chatai(woven mat pattern), Linth(brick pattern), Hira(diamond pattern) and Chamelikaphool- which are inspired by the detailing on the walls, niches and cornices of Maheshwar fort. The Maheshwari fabric is known for its lightness, elasticity and fine thread count which gives it a gossamer look.
Mangalgiri fabric is woven in pure cotton in good range of colours and gets its name from the district where it is woven – Mangalgiri in Guntur district in Andhra Pradesh, India. The Mangalgiri fabric is woven in two ways- one, as plain fabric in single color or double shaded colour and two, with the nizam border which is a zari border which has tiny zarigopurs(temple tops) running along the fabric.The fabric is available in various counts starting from the coarser 40s and going up to the superfine 120s. The fabric is woven in pit looms and is manufactured in innovative color combinations.
Tussar silk also known by its Sanskrit name Kosa silk is produced by the larvae of several species of silk worms like AnthereaMylitta, AntheracaProylei, AnthereaPemyi and AnthereaYamamai. The insects mostly live in the wild in the forests, eating off the trees they live on like sal, Arjun and Saja. Hence Tussar silk is a type of Wild Silk.Tussar is valued for its rich texture and deep gold color. Tussar silk is famous for its rich coarse texture and its rustic look. Different variations in weave structures with combination of different yarns like cotton, ghicha, etc. are nowadays used with the tussar silk yarn. India produces the bulk of the world’s production of Tussar silk.